Facts

  • Surveys from 45 developing countries have shown that women and children are the ones who are mainly responsible for collecting water in most households. This is time that is not being utilized in attending school, focusing on income-generating tasks or caring for family members.
  • Collecting water for domestic use, which is one of the most basic needs, consumes more than 152 million hours of women and girls in a single day.
  • A study conducted by the IRC International Water and Sanitation Center of community ware and sanitation projects and World bank found that out of all the projects held in 88 communities, those which were run and designed with full participation of women proved to be far more effective and sustainable than those that were not.
  • Around 22,000 children die because of poverty each day according to UNICEF. “And they die quietly in some of the poorest villages on earth, far removed from the scrutiny and the conscience of the world. Being meek and weak in life makes these dying multitudes even more invisible in death.”
  • The World Food Program is stated to have said that, “The poor are hungry and their hunger traps them in poverty.” Killing more people than those that die from malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS combined, hunger is supposed to be the number one cause of death throughout the world.
  • It can cost almost $40 billion to provide reproductive health care for women, clean water, basic education, basic health and nutrition and sanitation to every individual residing in each country which is developing.
  • Small scale farming indirectly or directly serves as the means of survival for almost 80% of Africans.
  • $2 and less is the total amount of money that 218 million Africans survive on per day.
  • A total of 870 million people are said to suffer from a condition known as chronic hunger.
  • More people are killed because of hunger every year which is a lot more than those killed by AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis altogether.
  • 4 in 10 Africans are not literate enough to read or write. Out of these numbers, around 70% are women.
  • 85% of poverty in Africa is directly related to the low level of productivity in their livestock, fishing and agriculture sector.
  • 85% of African farmers have land that can produce a medium to high yield potential in productivity.
  • $100 can feed a family of five for six months with sorghum and maize in Tanzania and Kenya.
  • $200 can help equip 15 boys and girls in Africa with the books they need to learn how to read and write.
  • $1000 can help to provide the proper financial support and the vocational training that can help a young student living in poverty, start up a personal SMEs business in Africa.
  • $900 can help to secure small loans which are enough for 4 rural women with which they can establish their own SMEs business in The Gambia and Tanzania.
  • $2,500 can provide 25 families with potable water in Tanzania, Kenya, Ethiopia and The Gambia.
  • $5,000 can equip 45 farmers with the business skills and technical assistance to allow them to market their produce profitably in The Gambia, Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia.
  • $12,000 can aid a total of 50 farmers by providing them the means to obtain and maintain water pumps, 2 boreholes, water towers and a generator that irrigates all their fields in Kenya, Tanzania and The Gambia.
  • The 21st Century welcomed almost a billion people who can neither sign their names nor read.
  • With a total of 40 million people living with HIV/AIDS, infectious diseases continue to afflict the lives of the poor across the world.
  • There are over 350 – 500 million cases of people suffering from malaria every year, with 1 million fatalities occurring from it.
  • 90 percent of malarial deaths are accounted for in Africa and African children are considered to make up 80 percent of the total malarial victims worldwide.
  • In Africa, over 23 million people are living with HIV/AIDS.
  • Over 2.6 billion people live without basic sanitation needs and over 1.1 billion people in developing countries have insufficient access to clean, potable water.
  • One in three people has to live on less than $1 per day, on the other hand, almost two out of three people have to survive and on less than $2 a day with no access to clean water.
  • A total of 660 million people and more live without sanitation and on a total sum of $2 per day; over 385 million have to survive on just $1 per day.
  • Piped water access for households comes to a total average of 85% for the richest that consists of 20% of the population as compared with 25% for the deprived 20%.
  • Over 1.8 billion people have access to a source of water that is located within 1 kilometer of their house or yard; consume a total of 20 liters per day. A total of 1.8 million child deaths result each year because of diarrhea.
  • Water related illnesses are responsible for a loss in school days that comes up to a total of 443 million lost school days.
  • Owing to sanitation and water deficits, over half the population in developing countries is suffering from health related problems.
  • Millions of women have to spend several hours collecting water every day.
  • Massive economic waste that is brought about by sanitation and water deficit can be added to these total human costs.
  • The total costs incurred through productivity losses, labor diversions and health spending are among the greatest in most deprived countries of the world.
  • In Sub-Saharan Africa, a total loss of 5% GDP or a figure of $28.4 billion per year is incurred which is a figure that far exceeds the total amount of debt relief and aid that flows to that region.
  • About half of the total world’s population resides in towns and cities with slum conditions prevalent among 1 out of 3 urban dwellers.
  • Around 2.5 billion people rely upon biomass – charcoal, wood, animal dung as a source of fuel for cooking in developing countries.
  • Over 80% of the populations rely on the consumption of traditional biomass for cooking in Sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Indoor air pollution that results from the utilization of solid fuels in disparaged societies is one of the major killers that claim over 1.5 million lives of people per year with more than half of them averaging below the five year old age group. This shows a total of 4000 deaths per day, a number which far exceeds the total number of deaths that are caused from malaria and greatly rivals the death rate brought about by tuberculosis.
  • 443 million school days are missed per year owing to consumption of unclean water which encourages illnesses.
  • Owing to chronic malnutrition, in 2011 over 165 million children who were 5 years old and younger had a stunted rate of development and growth.
  • Too poor to afford treatment for preventable diseases, pneumonia and diarrhea are responsible for the deaths of 2 million children per year.
  • As of 2011, a total number of 19 million children were unvaccinated on a worldwide basis.
  • A treatable and preventable disease, malaria is responsible for the death of a child every 30 seconds.
  • An estimated total of 101 million children on a worldwide basis, that are considered primary-school-age do not attend school.
  • Conditions of poverty kill around 22,000 children each day.
  • Nearly half of the world’s children, a total of 1 billion children live in poverty. Over hundreds of millions have to live in extreme poverty.
  • Almost every day, 10,000 newborns die within a month of being born in many developing countries.
  • 640 million children have to make do without an adequate source of shelter.
  • Over 3.4 million people per year die due to hygiene, water and sanitation related causes. This amounts to 99% of such deaths that occur in developing countries across the world.
  • Over 80% of the world’s entire population lives within countries where income disparities are slowly but surely widening.
  • Globally, a total of over 200 million hours are utilized each day in collecting water.

SUPPORT SCHOOL FEEDING PROGRAMS FOR ORPHANS AND VULNERABLE CHILDREN

School feeding not only encourages children to get into school but it can also attract new enrolments from marginalized communities, if appropriately targeted on the basis of poverty and food insecurity. It can relieve short-term hunger and tackle micronutrient deficiencies, especially when combined with food fortification and deworming. There is emerging evidence that School feeding can contribute to the enhanced growth of young children, increasing the availability of food or financial resources in the household.

Not only does education provide a solid foundation for continued learning throughout life, but it is also critically important to children's social integration and psychosocial well-being. School attendance helps children affected by trauma to regain a sense of normalcy and to recover from the impacts of their experiences and disrupted lives.

Extending the reach of school feeding to orphans and vulnerable children can provide a social safety net that helps address issues of inequity and gender imbalance. Keeping these children in school, especially girls, can reduce their vulnerability, including to HIV, and provide educational access of value such as through vocational training in agricultural practices, entrepreneurship and life skills education.

THE SITUATION NOW

Globally, an estimated 163 million children are orphaned, having lost one or both parents. Millions more are vulnerable due to the effects of illness and poverty. In the last three decades, the impact of the HIV pandemic has significantly contributed to the increase of orphans and other vulnerable children, a large proportion of who live in developing countries, in particular sub-Saharan Africa, and the majority of who are girls. 17.5 million Children are estimated as having been orphaned by HIV and AIDS and over four-fifths (14.2 million) of these children live in sub-Saharan Africa alone.

Children with AIDS may also be at greater risk of contracting HIV sooner, experience stigma and discrimination, as well as the indirect effects of HIV on their community. Orphanhood, whether partial or full, negatively impacts upon outcomes for child development, social integration, health and education.

One tenth of the poorest children globally is least likely to attend school and is most likely to end up in a perpetuation of inter-generational cycles of poverty. Vulnerable children may forgot education for work or household duties, suffer from psychosocial problems and experience greater household poverty. Millions more are vulnerable due to the effects of illness and poverty. Without education, these populations miss the opportunity to acquire the skills to better their own lives.

World Food Program and World Bank
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The Canadian Institute of Tourism and Sustainable Livelihoods (CITSL) responds to the devastating conditions of the world's poorest and most marginalized people in developing countries in an effort to build and sustain livelihoods, while creating the healthy environment necessary to their survival. We accomplish this task through various sectors- from agriculture to entrepreneurship to healthcare. Currently operating in regions throughout Africa, as well as locally in the province of Alberta, we are looking for assistance in supporting this endeavor for the betterment of society at large.
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CITSL is registered non-profit institute in Alberta, Canada with registration number (5017625749) at 3412 Cedarille Drive SW, Calgary, Alberta, T2W 5A9 Canada, North America.

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